In the National Policy of Education, 1986, it has been recognised that education is an area, in which Tribals are undoubtedly far behind the rest of the population.
StudentsUnder this program 60% of the total expenditure is provided under Jawahar Rojgar Yojana and Education Department will provide the remaining amount i.e. taking education in other schools get the benefit of free education, supply of text books, uniforms, writing material, stipends, etc. Tribal girls are also given attendance allowance in addition to the above facilities.
It needs to be noted that the State Government as an area has conceived Education of tribals where special efforts are required. In Maharashtra, the concept of Ashram School has done a great service to Tribal Education. The enrollment of students in these Ashram Schools is increasing, the several facilities and incentives have been provided in the form of lodging, boarding, texts book, uniforms etc. Free education to the students in Ashram Schools.
The Secondary Education is by and large managed by private institutions and grant-in-aid is paid on the basis of the approved formula. The Secondary schools while were initially permitted on no grant-in-aid basis will receive grant-in-aid as per following criteria :-
No grant for the 1st four years 20% grants from the fifth year. 40% grant-in-aid from the fifth year. Í.The average rates of grants to be paid per school are given below :-
- 100% grant Rs. 9.50 lakhs (appro.)
- 80% grant Rs. 7.60 lakhs (appro.)
- 60% grant Rs. 5.70 lakhs (appro.)
- 40% grant Rs. 3.80 lakhs (appro.)
- 20% grant Rs. 1.90 lakhs (appro.)
Instructional material to be prepared for Adiwasi children in Standards I and II (State Level Scheme)
As tribals speak a number of dialects, it is very difficult for the teachers to teach in one particular dialect and also for the learners to learn. It is, therefore, proposed to prepare handbooks in tribal dialects for the Standards III.
Adult Education programme (State Level Scheme)
As per the new policy of Education 1986 the National Literacy Mission Authority was established to eradicate illiteracy within a specified time limit. The NLMA has prescribed detailed guidelines for the implementation of "Total Literacy Compaign" in the specified area.
The State Government has implemented "Total Literacy Compaign" in all districts of the State.
As per the financial pattern laid down by the NLMA/Government of India at present the cost per learner is expected to be Rs. 65 and Rs. 40 per literate in post.
Literacy Compaign : The government of India bears 2/3 of the total project cost under the TLC & Post Literacy Programme and the State Government has to bear remaining 1/3rd expenditure. Under the Tribal Sector Government of India bears 4/5 of the total cost of the TLC and PLC Projects and the State Government has to bear remaining 1/5th of the cost of the project.
For 2014-2015 an outlay of Rs.3699.56 lakh has been kept for the Education under T.S.P.
The technical education system has been reorganised by the State through the introduction of improved technologies and supply of adequate technical and managerial manpower to this sector. The planning for technical education is based on the projections of future technological development, the social relevance, etc. In the Tribal Sub-Plan area, emphasis has been given on vocationalisation of education at the + 2 stage and development of facilities in pre-secondary school certificate (SSC) vocationalisation of education. An outlay of Rs.2445.35 lakh has been provided for this sector in the year 2014-15. The schematic details are as follows: -
+ 2 Vocational Education
A) In order to motivate the trainees to go in for self-employment or employment after completion of the higher secondary education land this to divert them from the University Education the scheme of Vocationalisation of Education at +2 stage has been introduced. The main aim behind it is to give useful education at the level of secondary and even after completion of the secondary education. In this scheme I) Technical ii) Commerce iii) Agriculture iv) Food Technology v) Fisheries and vi) Par-medical total 18 different subjects has been introduced by Maharashtra State Board of Secondary & Higher Secondary Education, Pune.
B) The Central Government had announced its new education policy in 1986 of education and opined that emphasis should be laid in the vocationalisation at +2 Stage higher secondary level, accordingly that policies the State Government has started Minimum competency based vocational courses from 1988-89 in following 6 different groups I) Technical ii) Commerce iii) Agriculture iv) Food Technology v) Fisheries and vi) Para-medical at present 27 competency based vocational subjects are being teached. In the 8th and 9th five year plan.
Since the inception of this scheme, 2 Govt. and 64 private Junior colleges from the TSP area have been introduced this scheme. In annual plan 2014-15 Rs.13.60 lakhs are proposed.
Enhancement of facilities in pre SSC Vocational education
There are 13 Government technical High Schools/centres running in the TSP Areas in the State with a total intake of 3684 students. All these centres are established exclusively for giving the benefit of technical education at the Pre-SSC stage of the student of tribal areas. To remove the deficiency of machinery and equipment and complete the uncompleted building construction works.In annual plan 2014-15 Rs.2431.40 lakhs has been provided.
Introduction of certificate course in Board of Vocational Examination
In annual plan 2014-15 an outlay of Rs.0.35 lakhs has been provided.
Sports and Youth Welfare
Physical education and sports are an integral part of the education system. After the Ninth Asian Games in 1982, there has been a persistent demand for encouraging sports and games in the country by providing modern facilities to the players. Tribal have a natural instinct for sports particularly, because of the surroundings in which they live. It is the experience that the tribals can surpass others in certain sports like Running, Rock-Climbing, Mountaineering, Jumping, Archery, etc. and that they can even come up to international standard. Therefore, with a view to promote and popularise games and to develop their natural instinct, the State Government is making efforts to provide them necessary playing facilities. An outlay of Rs.925.19 lakh (for TSP Rs.698.89 lakh and OTSP Rs.226.30 lakh) has been provided in the Tribal Sub Plan or 2014-15 for the development of sports and youth welfare. The main schemes, which are included in this sector are as follows
Development of Gymnasia and Playgrounds in every village
In order to develop games and sports at the grass-roots and to make available at least the minimum playing facilities in each and every village, the State Government has decided to give financial assistance maximum of Rs.1.00 lakh for construction of Gymnasium and playgrounds each or 80 % of the total estimated cost. An outlay of Rs.0.00 lakh for TSP and Rs.0.01 lakh for OTSP has been provided for the year 2014-15.
Grant for Development of Playgrounds
Financial assistance subject to a maximum of Rs.2,00,000 or 90 percent of the total estimated cost or whichever is less, will be given to educational institutions, voluntary registered organisations and Ashram Schools run by Tribal Welfare Department is eligible to 100% grant limit to Rs.2.00 lakh under this scheme, which are situated in tribal areas, for the development of playgrounds i.e. 200/400 metres running tracks, construction of compound wall, store room and playfields of various games etc. An outlay of Rs.240.81 lakh for TSP and Rs.68.98 lakh for OTSP has been provided for the year 2014-15.
Development of Gymnasium
Under this scheme, financial assistance will be given to Registered Sports Clubs/Bodies, Educational Institute for purchase of Gymnasium equipments and construction of Gymnasium. Maximum of Rs.2.00 lakh or 90 % of the total estimated cost. The concerned institution has to contribute 10% of the sanctioned grants as its own share. An outlay of Rs.363.00 lakh for TSP and Rs.124.94 lakhs for OTSP has been provided for the year 2014-15.
Financial assistance for the Organisation of Social Service Camps
It is necessary to impart training to youth to channelise their energies for constructive activities and develop qualities of leadership, Voluntary Youth Organisations are encouraged to conduct Social Service Camps for youth for which financial assistance up to Rs. 25,000/- or 50% of the expenditure, whichever is less, is extended by Government. An outlay of Rs.39.04 lakh for TSP and Rs.17.92 lakh for OTSP has been provided for the year 2014-15.
Financial assistance to Educational Institute for empowerment of youth in rural/urban area
Youth in the age group of 15 to 35 years constitute a large segment of the population which is a potentially dynamic force. This can be utilised easily in more purposeful activities. It is therefore necessary to give encouragement to voluntary youth organisations established in rural areas by way of financial assistance upto the Rs.25,000/- or 50% of expenditure, whichever is less. An outlay of Rs.55.04 lakh for TSP and Rs.14.45 lakh for OTSP has been provided for the year 2014-15.